[30], Europa does not seem to have been venerated directly in cult anywhere in classical Greece,[31] but at Lebadaea in Boeotia, Pausanias noted in the 2nd century AD that Europa was the epithet of Demeter—"Demeter whom they surname Europa and say was the nurse of Trophonios"—among the Olympians who were addressed by seekers at the cave sanctuary of Trophonios of Orchomenus, to whom a chthonic cult and oracle were dedicated: "the grove of Trophonios by the river Herkyna ... there is also a sanctuary of Demeter Europa ... the nurse of Trophonios. Other sources, such as the Iliad, claim that she is the daughter of Agenor's son, the "sun-red" Phoenix. [8] [6] Broad has been an epithet of Earth herself in the reconstructed Proto-Indo-European religion.[7]. However, it may have been found on 7th January. [3] The earliest vase-painting securely identifiable as Europa dates from mid-7th century BC. As the two suffering beings meet on the craggy rock, they share a common injustice and pain. It is derived from the Greek word Eurōpē (Εὐρώπη) in all Romance languages, Germanic languages, Slavic languages, Baltic languages, Celtic languages, Iranian languages, Uralic languages (Hungarian Európa, Finnish Eurooppa, Estonian Euroopa). However, Hera saw through the ruse and kept her under watch by Argus. Europa was also another of Zeus's loves. Dans la mythologie grecque, Europe est une princesse Tyrienne qui fut enlevée par Zeus . She had an affair with Zeus, which Hera never learned about and therefore, never tried to pursue Europa to punish her. The Dictionary of Classical Mythology explains that Zeus was enamoured of Europa and decided to seduce or rape her, the two being near-equivalent in Greek myth. Barry (1999) adduces the word Ereb on an Assyrian stele with the meaning of "night", "[the country of] sunset", in opposition to Asu "[the country of] sunrise", i.e. Europa was the beautiful daughter of the king of Tyre, Agenor. Though Europa was unnamed in this text, she must be the daughter of Phoenix who coupled with Zeus. Zeus decided to send Hermes, the most clever god, to kill Argus and free Io from his gaze. Jupiter's rocky moon Io is the most volcanically active world in the solar system, with hundreds of volcanoes, some erupting lava fountains dozens of miles (or kilometers) high. It … The weakness of an etymology with εὐρύς (eurus), is 1. that the -u stem of εὐρύς disappears in Εὐρώπη Europa and 2. the expected form εὐρυώπη euryopa that retains the -u stem in fact exists. Having given birth to three sons by Zeus, Europa married a king Asterios, this being also the name of the Minotaur and an epithet of Zeus, likely derived from the name `Aštar.[26]. Io was the daughter of the Greek river god Inachus. In his Mundus Jovialis, published in 1614, Simon Marius claimed to have discovered Io and the other moons of Jupiter in 1609, one week before Galileo's discovery. Astronomer Galileo Galilei gets the credit for discovering these moons, among the largest in the solar system. Io bore a son, Epaphus, and a daughter, Keroessa, from Zeus. The invention of the telescope revealed that the planet Jupiter, clearly visible to the naked eye and known to humanity since prehistoric times, has an attendant family of moons. [14][18] In Crete she married Asterion also rendered Asterius and became mother (or step-mother) of his daughter Crete. The tale also features as the subject of a poem and film in the Enderby (fictional character) sequence of novels by Anthony Burgess. Europa was initially a Cretan moon goddess, who was incorporated into the Greek mythology as a virgin Phoenician princess. Europa, in Greek mythology, the daughter either of Phoenix or of Agenor, king of Phoenicia. [17] It is generally agreed that she had two brothers, Cadmus, who brought the alphabet to mainland Greece, and Cilix who gave his name to Cilicia in Asia Minor, with the author of Bibliotheke including Phoenix as a third. She is generally said to be the daughter of Agenor, the Phoenician King of Tyre;[14] the Syracusan poet Moschus[15] makes her mother Queen Telephassa ("far-shining") but elsewhere her mother is Argiope ("white-faced"). the Belgian €10 European Expansion coin). The Dictionary of Classical Mythology explains that Zeus was enamoured of Europa and decided to seduce or rape her, the two being near-equivalent in Greek myth. It is easy to distinguish the parts told by each, Aeschylus grave […] In 2012, an archaeological mission of the British Museum led by Lebanese archaeologist, Claude Doumet Serhal, discovered at the site of the old American school in Sidon, Lebanon currency that depicts Europa riding the bull with her veil flying all over like a bow, further proof of Europa's Phoenician origin. zeus, lesson, hades. Zeus transformed himself into a chestnut bull and Europa loved it. Asia (Anatolia coming equally from Ἀνατολή, "(sun)rise", "east"). These were named for male and female lovers of the god and other mythological persons associated with him. At the end, Io reached the Nile River and transformed In the more familiar telling she was seduced by the god Zeus in the form of a bull, who breathed from his mouth a saffron crocus[3] and carried her away to Crete on his back—to be welcomed by Asterion,[28] but according to the more literal, euhemerist version that begins the account of Persian-Hellene confrontations of Herodotus,[29] she was kidnapped by Cretans, who likewise were said to have taken her to Crete. Cupid hits Zeus with an arrow, and the god instantly falls in love with a pretty mortal maiden, Europa. Zeus transformed himself into the form of a magnificent white bull and appeared in the sea shore where Europa was playing. Europa … The beauty of Europa inspired the love of Zeus, who approached her in the form of a white bull and carried her away from Phoenicia to Crete. The name Europe, as a geographical term, was used by Ancient Greek geographers such as Strabo to refer to part of Thrace below the Balkan mountains. The moon Io is believed to have been discovered on 7 January, 1610 by Galileo. According to Herodotus' rationalizing approach, Europa was kidnapped by Greeks (probably Cretans) who were seeking to avenge the kidnapping of Io, a princess from Argos. Zeus once saw her on the seashore of Phoenicia playing … Elle a une sœur, Mycène, et un fils, Épaphos, par lequel elle est l'ancêtre des Danaïdes. According to Herodotus ' rationalizing approach, Europa was kidnapped by Minoans who were seeking to avenge the kidnapping of Io , a princess from Argos . [35] Later, under the Roman Empire the name was given to a Thracian province. Dans la mythologie grecque, Io (en grec ancien Ἰώ / Iố) est la fille (ou tout au moins la descendante, d'après le Catalogue des femmes la nommant « fille de Pirene ») du dieu fleuve Inachos, roi d'Argos, et de Mélia (ou d'Iasos et de Leucané). Jürgen Fischer, in Oriens-Occidens-Europa[36] summarized how the name came into use, supplanting the oriens–occidens dichotomy of the later Roman Empire, which was expressive of a divided empire, Latin in the West, Greek in the East. Europa in a fresco at Pompeii, contemporary with Ovid. Many myths render Hera as jealous of his amorous conquests and a consistent enemy of Zeus' mistresses and their children by him. An Argive princess, she was an ancestor of many kings and heroes such as Perseus, Cadmus, Heracles, Minos, Lynceus, Cepheus, and Danaus. The poem was published with voluminous notes and critical apparatus: Winfried Bühler, Nova et accurata totius Europæ descriptio, "The Designer: And if Europe was Sidonian? They are the best sources for the tale. While Europa and her helpers were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks, and eventually got onto his back. For other uses, see, Τελφοῦσ᾽, ἐνθάδε δὴ φρονέω περικαλλέα νηὸν / ἀνθρώπων τεῦξαι χρηστήριον, οἵτε μοι αἰεὶ Le jour même, Zeus la rencontra sur une plage de Sidon, se métamorphosa en taureau blanc, afin de l'approcher sans l'apeurer et échapper à la jalo… Though his story titled "Dragon's teeth" is largely about Cadmus, it begins with an elaborate albeit toned down version of Europa's abduction by the beautiful bull. Zeus later re-created the shape of the white bull in the stars, which is now known as the constellation Taurus. The metal europium, a rare-earth element, was named in 1901 after the continent.[38]. Il décida d'envoyer ses trois fils Cadmos, Phénix et Cilix ainsi que sa femme à sa recherche. Thus, Europa is first used in a geographic context in the Homeric Hymn to Delian Apollo, in reference to the western shore of the Aegean Sea. The following day, 8 January 1610 (used as the discovery date for Europa by the IAU), Io and Europa were seen for the first time as separate bodies during Galileo's observations of the Jupiter system. Galileo doubted this claim and catalogued the work of Marius as plagiarism. She is generally said to be the daughter of Agenor, the Phoenician King of Tyre; the Syracusan poet Moschus makes her mother Queen Telephassa ("far-shining") but elsewhere her mother is Argiope ("white-faced"). According to the legend, Europa was the epitome of feminine beauty on Earth. However, as soon as Hera saw that, she immediately became suspicious. It should The myth of Europa and Zeus may have its origin in a sacred union between the Phoenician deities `Aštar and `Aštart (Astarte), in bovine form. Europa is one of the Galilean moons of Jupiter, along with Io, Ganymede and Callisto. Europa is the namesake of Europa, daughter of the king of Tyre, a Phoenician noblewoman in Greek mythology. Selon une version du mythe, Europe, fille du roi de Tyr, une ville de Phénicie (actuel Liban) fit un rêve8. His variant story may have been an attempt to rationalize the earlier myth; or the present myth may be a garbled version of facts—the abduction of a Phoenician aristocrat—later enunciated without gloss by Herodotus. Europa was officially discovered by Galileo Galilei on the 8th January 1610, along with the other Galilean moons of Jupiter. "[1], Europa's earliest literary reference is in the Iliad, which is commonly dated to the 8th century BC. Zeus (Jupiter)
2. After marrying Asterion, the story of Europa comes to a close, for although it has to be assumed that as a mortal Europa died, this is not recorded in the ancient sources. Of course the name of Europa would live on, for the continent of Europe would be named after the Queen of Crete, and of course many stories that connected to Europa continued. Her name appeared on postage stamps celebrating the Council of Europe, which were first issued in 1956. Answer to: Who is Io in Greek mythology? "[32], .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Male ", A metope from Sicily, carved with Europa, c. 550 – 540 BCE, Warburg Institute Iconographic Database (ca 250 images of Europa), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Europa_(consort_of_Zeus)&oldid=995779949, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Mythe. It is notable as the first collection devoted exclusively to biographies of women in Western literature.[34]. He transformed himself into a tame white bull and mixed in with her father's herds. unnamed but pertains to Minos who was king of Crete, No public statue of Europa is mentioned by. Tableau du Titien, milieu du XVIe siècle. [4], Greek Εὐρώπη (Eurṓpē) contains the elements εὐρύς (eurus), "wide, broad"[5] and ὤψ/ὠπ-/ὀπτ- (ōps/ōp-/opt-) "eye, face, countenance".   Deity, Europa provided the substance of a brief Hellenistic epic written in the mid-2nd century BCE by Moschus, a bucolic poet and friend of the Alexandrian grammarian Aristarchus of Samothrace, born at Syracuse.[33]. Sources differ in details regarding Europa's family, but agree that she is Phoenician, and from a lineage that ultimately descended from Argive princess Io, the mythical nymph beloved of Zeus, who was transformed into a heifer. The second series of euro banknotes is known as the Europa Series and bears her likeness in the watermark and hologram. She came down from Mount Olympus and began dispersing the clouds. While Europa and her helpers were gathering flowers, she saw the bull, caressed his flanks, and eventually got onto his back. Europa velificans, "her fluttering tunic… in the breeze" (mosaic, Zeugma Mosaic Museum), The Rape of Europa by Jean-Baptiste Marie Pierre (1750), The Rape of Europa by Francisco Goya (1772), The Rape of Europa by Félix Vallotton (1908), The Rape of Europa by Valentin Serov (1910). ἐνθάδ᾽ ἀγινήσουσι τεληέσσας ἑκατόμβας, / ἠμὲν ὅσοι Πελοπόννησον πίειραν ἔχουσιν / ἠδ᾽. The first use of the term Europenses, to describe peoples of the Christian, western portion of the continent, appeared in the Hispanic Latin Chronicle of 754, sometimes attributed to an author called Isidore Pacensis[37] in reference to the Battle of Tours fought against Muslim forces. Cupid hits Zeus with an arrow, and the other moons of Jupiter after Io in Greek character. Religion. [ 34 ] found on 7th January and transformed Answer:... 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